ground:2-3 hrs         flight:3.5-6 hrs

*Discuss the round robin flight plan prepared by the student to include any adverse weather conditions, altitude selections, route selections, radio procedures, pattern entries, performance limitations, runway crosswind components, weight and balance computations, fuel planning and airport amenities for possible meal stops. This flight should have a leg of at least 50 nm or more if practical for the purpose of logging cross country time. Include a leg with a section involving a VOR/victor airway at some point.

*Discuss and quiz student on all aspects of foreflight with a focus on chart symbols, airspace, special use airspace, VORs, MSAs, latitude/longitude, victor airways, airport data blocks and any other information contained on a vfr nav chart.

*Review radio role play as necessary.

*Discuss aeromedical factors to include IMSAFE, hypoxia, scuba diving min wait times, inner ear, nausea etc...

*Discuss, review and quiz student on all airport information available from the AFD and foreflight to include runway engths, hot spots, noise abatement procedures, hot spots, papi/vasi, bird movement, tower hours of operation, airspace class changes, frequencies, field elevations, lit/unlit obstructions, FBO/fuel locations, fuel prices, transient parking, tie down fees, crew car availibility, notams, permanent runway closures, run up areas, approach lights, pilot controlled lighting, scheduled commercial aircraft zones, hot spots to name a few...

*Discuss and revieiw all weather products in the raw format to include TAFs, METARs, PIREPS, prog charts, AIRMETS and SIGMETS. Be sure to discuss lapse rate, temp/dewpoint spread, standard sea level values, computing density altitude and its relationship to aircraft performance, cloud types, thunderstorm phases and conditions necessary to form as well as how much space you should maintain from them... Discuss personal minimums.

*Discuss pertinent areas of the POH to include fuel system, engine operation and type, prop, flaps, control surfaces, fuselage type, electric systems etc... 

*Discuss how to determine what equipment can be inop while the aircraft remains airworthy. Minimum Equipment List (MEL), Kind Of Equipment List (KOEL), and 91.205 (TOMATOFLAAMES/ FLAPS). Discuss how to deal with/placard inop equipment.

*Discuss the objectives of the days flight to include communication, overall situational awareness (WHAT TEA-weather, heading, altitude, terrain, traffic, engine guages, airspace), navigation, pattern entry, takeoffs, landings, taxiing, terrain awareness, traffic avoidance and proper scanning, checklist usage, CRM, use of navigational aides, weather awareness and avoidance. Discuss cockpit organization for the flight to include frequencies, runways, pattern altitudes, field elevation, fuel availability, etc... Discuss the use of VORs and incorporate into this flight.

*Discuss and review emergency procedures.

*Discuss slow flight, power on/off stalls, clearing turns, steep turns, unusual attitudes and ground reference maneuvers.

*Observe the students preflight actions and preflight checklist usage. Observe everything necessary to get to the next airport with the absolute minimal input from the instructor. conduct 3-6 patterns at the first airport then stop for a small break and debrief. Brief the next leg of the trip and practice 2-3 emergency procedures enroute. Do as much patterns as practical and take as many breaks as necessary while discussing aircraft systems in between if able. Instrument flight may also be conducted as well. Practice utilizing VOR navigation to include flying direct, identifying a radial and intercepting a course inbound and outbound. Run through each of the PPL maneuvers with the instructor demonstrating one and the student demonstrating 1-2. Before returning to base, discuss the plan to get into the airport environment while on the ground preferrably. Total flight time should optimally be between 4-5 hours.

*Conduct a post flight brief and check weather conditions for the next day and plan the ground and flight accordigly. Assign the student a local round robbin to multiple airports (towered or untowered, CFI discretion) to plan on foreflight for the next days flight to include a leg on a victor airway. Have the student save the flight plan to flights and review the weather brief prior to starting the lesson so that they are prepared to answer any questions that the CFI will have. Assign the student the pre-solo written exam to start working on, must be required prior to going solo. Discuss meet up time, sign logbooks and tie up any loose ends. See you tomorrow!

References-PPL memory items, Pre solo written exam  PPL quiz


DAY 3.                                           go to                                          DAY 5.