ground-2-3 hrs         flight-4-5 hrs

*Discuss the round robin flight plan prepared by the student to include any adverse weather conditions, altitude selections, route selections, radio procedures, pattern entries, performance limitations, runway crosswind components, weight and balance computations, fuel planning and airport amenities for possible meal stops. This flight should have a leg of at least 50 nm or more if practical for the purpose of logging cross country time. 

*Discuss and quiz student on all aspects of foreflight.

*Discuss and revieiw all weather products in the raw format to include TAFs, METARs, PIREPS, prog charts, AIRMETS and SIGMETS. Be sure to discuss lapse rate, temp/dewpoint spread, standard sea level values, computing density altitude and its relationship to aircraft performance, cloud types, thunderstorm phases and conditions necessary to form as well as how much space you should maintain from them... Discuss personal minimums.

*Conduct radio role play as necessary.

*Discuss all V speeds to include Va and optimal rough air penetration speed. 

*Discuss the pitch for airspeed/power for altitude relationship to include how trim is a function of pitch. Discuss how the trim system works on your plane.

*Discuss all elements of weight and balance computations to include weight, arm, moment (WxA=M), basic empty weight, useful load, CG envelope (forward and aft limits and max gross takeoff weight). Do a weight and balance computation for your training aircraft using both actual values from the days training flight and a hypothetical scenario one might encounter in the real world. Discuss handling issues related to out of CG and overweight conditions. Discuss Va relationship to weight.

*Discuss performance charts from the training aircraft and include both the actual weight in actual weather conditions for the intended training runways and hypothetical weight from the above cg computation under more adverse runway/weather conditions. 

*Discuss the objectives of the days flight to include communication, overall situational awareness (WHAT TEA-weather, heading, altitude, terrain, traffic, engine guages, airspace), navigation, pattern entry, takeoffs, landings, taxiing, terrain awareness, traffic avoidance and proper scanning, checklist usage, CRM, use of navigational aides, weather awareness and avoidance. Discuss cockpit organization for the flight to include frequencies, runways, pattern altitudes, field elevation, fuel availability, etc... 

*Discuss and review emergency procedures.

*Discuss slow flight, power on/off stalls, clearing turns, steep turns, unusual attitudes and ground reference maneuvers.

*Observe the students preflight actions and preflight checklist usage. Observe everything necessary to get to the next airport with the absolute minimal input from the instructor. conduct 3-6 patterns at the first airport then stop for a small break and debrief. Brief the next leg of the trip and practice 2-3 emergency procedures enroute. Due as much patterns as practical and take as many breaks as necessary while discussing aircraft systems in between if able. Instrument flight may also be conducted as well. Run through each of the PPL maneuvers with the instructor demonstrating one and the student demonstrating 1-2. Before returning to base, discuss the plan to get into the airport environment while on the ground preferrably. Total flight time should optimally be between 4-5 hours.

*Conduct a post flight brief and check weather conditions for the next day and plan the ground and flight accordigly. Assign the student a local round robbin to multiple airports (towered or untowered, CFI discretion) to plan on foreflight for the next days flight. have the student save the flight plan to flights and review the weather brief prior to starting the lesson so that they are prepared to answer any questions that the CFI will have. Discuss meet up time, sign logbooks and tie up any loose ends. See you tomorrow!

References-PPL memory items  PPL quiz

 DAY2.                                               go to                                             DAY 4.