ground-2-3 hrs         flight-4-5 hrs

*Discuss the flight plan prepared by the student to include any adverse weather conditions, altitude selections, route selections, radio procedures, pattern entries, performance limitations, runway crosswind components, weight and balance computations, fuel planning and airport amenities for possible meal stops. This flight should have a leg of at least 50 nm or more if practical for the purpose of logging cross country time. 

*Discuss and quiz student on all aspects of foreflight.

*Discuss the legal weather minimums for VFR, marginal VFR, and IFR for both ground and inflight, day or night at all altitudes and airspaces. Also discuss special VFR day or night.

*Discuss the legal entry requirements for all airspaces at all altitudes to include min equipment, clearances, weather and max airspeeds. Also include all special use airspaces, TFRs, notams and drotams.

*Discuss personal minumums for certain weather conditions such as crosswind components, ceiling, visibility, turbulence, daytime/night, freezing levels, lapse rates, congested airspaces, precipitation/radar returns, satellite imagery, cold/warm fronts, sigmets, airmets, CWAs, and pilot reports.

*Discuss minimum ground/obstruction clearance requirements.

*discuss some basic emergency/abnormal procedures and how to properly to handle them to include engine fire on the ground, engine failure on takeoff, engine failure in flight, engine fire aloft, electrical failure, electrical fire, inadvertant vfr into imc, radio/equipment failures, prop governor failure, engine roughness, brake failure in flight, extremely low fuel, landing gear failure, smoke in cockpit, perceived lack of performance on takeoff roll etc...

*Discuss airport diagrams, taxiway signs/markings, taxi instructions/clearances, hold short instructions, proper readbacks, copying of taxi clearances and aviation shorthand. Conduct radio roleplay for multiple taxi scenarios from initial call up all the way to a takeoff clearance. Also roleplay multiple inbound/outbound radio scenarios for towered and non towered airports. Student should write down all initial radio calls for towered airports to both tower/ground and write down the general format for non towered airports (ie: jean, cherokee 85k, 10 west, inbound landing, jean) (airport, callsign, position, intentions, airport).

*Discuss the objectives of the days flight to include communication, overall situational awareness (WHAT TEA-weather, heading, altitude, terrain, traffic, engine guages, airspace), navigation, pattern entry, takeoffs, landings, taxiing, terrain awareness, traffic avoidance and proper scanning, checklist usage, CRM, use of navigational aides, weather awareness and avoidance. Discuss cockpit organization for the flight to include frequencies, runways, pattern altitudes, field elevation, fuel availability, etc...

*Observe the students preflight actions and preflight checklist usage. Observe everything necessary to get to the next airport with the absolute minimal input from the instructor. conduct 3-6 patterns at the first airport then stop for a small break and debrief. Brief the next leg of the trip and discuss emergency procedures enroute. Due as much patterns as practical and take as many breaks as necessary while discussing aircraft systems in between if able. Instrument flight may also be conducted as well. Before returning to base, discuss the plan to get into the airport environment while on the ground preferrably.

*Conduct a post flight brief and check weather conditions for the next day and plan the ground and flight accordigly. Assign the student a local round robbin to multiple airports (towered or untowered, CFI discretion) to plan on foreflight for the next days flight. have the student save the flight plan to flights and review the weather brief prior to starting the lesson so that they are prepared to answer any questions that the CFI will have. Discuss meet up time, sign logbooks and tie up any loose ends. See you tomorrow!

References- PPL memory items   PPL quiz



DAY 1.                                             go to                                                 DAY 3.