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PPL DAY 1.   

 ground training: 3-5 hours. flight training: 2-4 hours.

*Go over all equipment and paper work from the pre arrival checklst

*Put the student at ease. Discuss the fact that every day is going to be a roller coaster of progress. Some days will be great and some will be the exact opposite. Your worse days are the days where you learn the most even know you will not see the progress that day.


*Go over every aspect of foreflight to include verifying subscription status, download to a alternate device (cell phone) and downloading charts for offline use that cover the geographical area to be used for our training. You can also download the POH and checklist for the particular aircraft to be used for training. Enter in a performance profile for the aircraft to be used for training. Special emphasis on flight planning, preflight briefing, map configuration etc...

*Discuss dangerous attitudes and fitness for flight (IMSAFE)

*Discuss the 5Ps (plane, pilot, passengers, planning and programming)

*Discuss preflight actions required for every flight-  runway lengths, performance calculations, weather, atc delays etc...

*Discuss aircraft documents, required tests and inspections, general airworthiness requirements (MEL, tomatoflames etc)...

*Discuss student pilot/ private pilot required documents and currency requirements.

*Discuss weather products. Ensure student can interpret raw data from TAFs, METARs etc...

*Discuss radio procedures to include writing down initial calls to towered airports (clearance, ground and tower inbound and outbound), all radio calls at non towered airports (10 miles out, 5 miles, overhead 45, downwind, base, final etc...). Conduct radio role playing exercises with the instructor acting as ATC for multiple towered and non towered scenarios.

*Discuss all the legs of a traffic pattern and the appropriate method of entering a pattern given different scenarios for both towered and non towered airports. Incorporate the pattern entries into the radio role play.

*Discuss proper checklist usage, when/where they are used (preflight, before start, start, taxi, run up, before takeoff, climb out, level, descent, before landing, after landing, shutdown, securing etc...). Discuss the different types of checklists (paper, foreflight, flows, do/verify, acronyms, pnemonics, etc...). Discuss emergency checklist usage to include when it is appropriate to use an actual checklist or go off memory for each different emergency situation.

*Conduct a long thorough preflight with the student and ensure that every item is thoroughly explained as far as what to look for, what is serviceable vs unserviceable. Discuss actions necessary when an item is believed to be unserviceable or questionable. 

*Discuss a flight plan to a nearby airport that has minimal traffic and which is suitable for multiple patterns. Discuss all radio procedures, checklist usages, pattern entries, frequencies, pattern altitudes, field elevations, cruising altitude considerations. Conduct a walk through of the flight from start to finish and discuss the desired objectives for the days flight.  Take breaks as often as necessary and do as many patterns as practical focusing mainly on taxi backs until braking and taxiing are under reasonable control. Brief the return trip to home base with the student on the ground prior to returning for the day and ensure the student can function as independently as possible.

*Conduct a post flight brief and check weather conditions for the next day and plan the ground and flight accordingly. Assign the student a local round robbin to multiple airports (towered or untowered, CFI discretion) to plan on foreflight for the next days flight. have the student save the flight plan to flights and review the weather brief prior to starting the lesson so that they are prepared to answer any questions that the CFI will have. Discuss meet up time, sign logbooks and tie up any loose ends. See you tomorrow!

REFERENCES- Memory items, pre arrival checklist  PPL quiz


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